Instant Batik Directions

Wax crayons
Household paraffin
Cotton fabric cut 2” larger than pillow form or cotton
handkerchief of similar size (we used 18” cotton
handkerchiefs for 16” foam-rubber pillow forms)
½”- wide soft brush
muffin pan
paper toweling
liquid or powdered fabric dye

Directions:  Using our patterns as guides or drawing freehand,
lightly sketch a design on cotton fabric or handkerchief
washed free of sizing.  (A 100% cotton fabric will give the best
results.  Sometimes synthetic blends resist the dyeing
process.)  Peel off paper and break crayons into muffin pan, 1
color (and 3 or 4 crayons) per cup.  (Brilliant – color crayons
work best, for colors tend to lose intensity during cracking
and dyeing.  Good choices are yellow, orange, magenta, olive
green, periwinkle, blue-green, turquoise, yellow-green and
blue.)  Add a small (1/2”) cube of paraffin to each cup.  Melt by
placing the pan in a baking pan filled with boiling water over
low heat on range or hot plate.  (Do not put muffin pan over
direct heat.)  

Place the fabric square or handkerchief on several
thicknesses of newspaper.  Brush the melted crayon on the
cloth in outlined areas, leaving spaces between colors.  (Some
newspaper ink may adhere to the fabric during the painting
process but will disappear during ironing.)  To make sure the
wax penetrates the fabric, keep the heat under the crayons
constant and work rapidly before wax hardens on fabric
surface.  If wax seems too thick, add more paraffin.  If the color
will not penetrate the fabric, turn the fabric over and paint the
melted crayon on the other side.  Let wax dry thoroughly, then
take the fabric between your hands and crumple it gently.  The
extent of crumpling will determine how much the colors are
“cracked” after dyeing.  Following label directions, mix a very
strong solution of any dark-color dye, allow to cool, then place
the fabric in the dye for 10 minutes.  (The waxed area will
resist the dye; the unwaxed and cracked areas will absorb it.)

Remove the cloth from the dye and set aside for 5 minutes,
then place on paper toweling to blot up the excess moisture.  
Place the cloth between fresh sheets of paper toweling and
press with a hot iron.  The heat will draw the wax from the
cloth, leaving just the rich color.  Replace the paper toweling
as it absorbs wax and continue pressing until the paper
toweling shows little color or none.  When all wax is removed,
set cloth aside for 15 minutes.  To make pillowcasing, cut a
square of color coordinated fabric the same size as your
batik.  With right sides of batik and backing together, stitch 1/2
inch seams on 3 sides,.  Trim seams, turn right side out and
slip casing on pillow form.  Turn raw edges under and
whipstitch 4th seam to close.  

Note”  The pillow case should be washed as you would a
“delicate” fabric – by hand in mild detergent and warm water.  
For best results, remove the batik from the backing.  After
case is washed, iron it between sheets of paper toweling, as
you did originally, until no more wax or dye comes off.  Do not
dry clean.  
This project is mentioned on my Crayon Batik page.  This
process is somewhat more involved and it uses melted
paraffin so is more dangerous than Crayon Batiking.  I
encourage young people, to use the Crayon on paper method
for making beautiful, safe and easy batiks.  The templates I
have supplied can be used with either methods.  For those of
you who insist on working on cotton fabric for its durability
here are those instructions.  Please be careful. Do not melt
paraffin directly on your heat source.  For a safe method try
melting crayons and wax mixture in a microwave for 5 to 8
minutes or until liquefied.  Regardless of heat source do not
heat wax mixture to the point where it smokes.  
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